Modern supplementary education can no longer look the way it used to be. This is the conclusion reached by experts at the All-Russian Forum “New Educational Environment”. The circles in which children study must meet modern standards, make knowledge about the professions of the future more accessible for children. And the presentation of information itself no longer has the right to be of a lecture nature. Children of the third decade of the twenty-first century multitask, most of their life is spent online, so it is necessary to speak with them in a language they understand. Examples of extracurricular activities already exist at the moment, teachers are trying to be flexible, and quantoriums and IT clubs are increasingly appearing in schools.
Perhaps the very first thing that we can notice when looking at modern children is how much time they spend on the Internet, namely in social networks. Sometimes it even seems that young talents literally hold smartphones in their hands from the cradle and know how to handle even the latest novelties, at some intuitive level. The network for a child now is the same full-fledged world as offline. There are friends and interesting activities inside it. But the World Wide Web is full of entertainment content. Our schoolchildren are not mediocrities who can only shoot from a non-existent cannon and build a non-existent house. They have a lot of thirst … thirst for knowledge. That is why it is so important that we, adults, fill the Internet with them, giving children the opportunity to develop comprehensively, receiving the necessary information in an accessible form.
Support for this idea comes from the Government of the country. At the moment, the Ministry of Education has its accounts in all well-known social networks, a total of a million users are subscribed to them, of which 13% are students under 18, 27% are men and women 35-45 years old and 16% are people from 45 years. In its accounts, the Ministry of Education conducts a larger number of training broadcasts available to everyone: plug in and watch. Only since March last year, when the children left for distance learning, more than 100 sessions were held on such interesting and important topics as “80th anniversary of vocational education”, “Remember is to know”, “Be healthy”, “Sport is life ! “,” Invent the Future! “
The latter was dedicated to digital and humanitarian education centers. Teachers and educational experts were able to share with each other new methods and technologies of practice-oriented work with children, discuss their achievements and plans for the future. During this year alone, almost 3,000 Point of Growth centers were opened in the country within the framework of the Education National Project. Today, in 81 constituent entities of the Russian Federation, there are already 5 thousand such organizations operating at rural schools and educational institutions of small towns. All centers are equipped with modern equipment, with the help of which children master general education subjects and are engaged in project activities in circles.
Another successful example of using a social network to develop a child’s mind and horizons at the All-Russian Forum “New Educational Environment” was shared by blogger and author of the “Paleo City” project Anton Barashenkov. He opened his channel on a social network, where in the form of playful short videos he tells and, no less important, shows children what dinosaurs looked like, what they ate, where their remains can be found and other paleontological “chips”. Now more than 200 thousand people have subscribed to the blogger’s channel. One video about the Volgograd mosasaurs has collected more than 5 million views! And the photo of the ammonite – more than 400 thousand views and more than 5000 reposts. Just imagine the interest this topic aroused among the guys. What if the same material was presented in the form of a thick book, with non-color pictures? What is the maximum number of students that could watch it?
Other social networks have also made a great contribution to the development of online learning during the difficult period of distance. For example, the number of training videos and courses has increased on YouTube video hosting. Some teachers uploaded their lessons there so that the child can always return to the material he has covered and repeat or analyze it in more detail. And on the Odnoklassniki social network, new types of video calls have appeared so that children can experience complete immersion during the lesson.
But modern additional education does not end with uniform social networks. Numerous technology parks have become a separate milestone in the breakthrough of preparing children for life in the future. Five years ago, Vladimir Putin signed the strategic initiative “New model of additional education for children.” This strategic initiative provided for the creation of Quantorium children’s centers in all regions of the Russian Federation. It is in the Quantoriums that the STEM approach to learning is reflected. This is a universal practice-oriented approach that allows students to cope with tasks of any complexity. The mission of the Quantoriums is to promote the accelerated technical development of children and the realization of the scientific and technical potential of Russian youth, the introduction of effective education models available for replication in all regions of the country.
That is, in special technoparks, students can not only listen to how chemical elements change when reacting with others, but also try to do it themselves. This is a much more efficient approach. Students become involved in the process by doing something with their own hands. Robots alone in robotics classes are worth something! This is no longer a boring physics exercise where you need to solder one transistor to another. Young scientists create whole mechanisms that begin their lives before their very eyes. Quantoriums implement a project-based approach to learning within 13 promising areas (or quantums): Energikvantum (energy); Hi-tech (smart technologies); Promrobokvantum (industrial robotics); Industrialdesignquantum (design of objects of mass production); Nanokantum (work with nanomaterials); Cosmokantum (various fields of astronautics); Geoquantum (geoinformation technologies); Bioquantum (biology); Aerokantum (aircraft); Autoquantum (ground transportation); VR / AR Quantum (virtual and augmented reality); IT Quantum (applied information technology); DATA-quantum (information analysis).
Another interesting practice appeared in the last academic year. IT classes started working in Moscow. These are classes in which students study promising digital technologies, here teachers will be able to prepare a student for further admission to a university for an IT specialty. In the system of Russian education, there are already specialized vocational-oriented classes designed to familiarize and prepare students for a possible future profession. The main task of the created classes is to gather in one place the most promising and capable students who want to continue their education in the field of digital technologies in the future (the so-called pre-professional education). So far, additional training is going on in 6 areas: programming, information security, modeling and prototyping, robotics, big data technologies, communication technologies. IT classes are designed for students in grades 10 and 11. There will be in-depth training in specialized school subjects (mathematics, computer science, physics), for the study of which additional academic hours will be allocated. Students will get an idea of what IT technologies are, the principles of their development, and will also be able to assess their strengths and abilities for their further study in universities. In addition, on the basis of each IT class there will be an IT training ground, where all the necessary conditions for high-quality study of disciplines and subjects will be created, from the material part for robotics to modern computer systems. Graduates of such schools will be able to apply for vacancies in leading IT companies in Russia.
According to experts who participated in the All-Russian Forum, this is only the very beginning of the path to high-quality and affordable additional education. With the help of dialogue and a modern outlook on education, many ideas can arise on how to help our children get the profession of the future, and for the country, in turn, sustainable development.
The “New Educational Environment” project clearly shows how you can get synergy from dialogue with parents, teachers and students. During the first sessions, we not only explained the main steps for the development of the education system and presented new meanings in working on national projects, but also received a reaction to these changes and understood expectations. We plan to expand this interaction, the project will be continued, more emphasis will be placed on working with the regions, ”concluded Education Minister Sergei Kravtsov.